What’s family planning got to do with intimate partner violence? Exchanging with experts at the 2017 SVRI Forum
Courtney J. McLarnon-Silk, Esther Spindler (IRH); Francesca Quirke (Tearfund)
In September 2017, IRH and partners traveled to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil to present at the Sexual Violence Research Institute (SVRI) Forum and share experiences with 500 other experts working to prevent and respond to sexual violence. IRH, Tearfund, and Promundo-US co-led a satellite event titled, Exploring the Links between Intimate Partner Violence and Family Planning Use: Building Knowledge for Normative Change to Promote Adolescent and Youth Sexual and Reproductive Health.
Why talk about family planning at SVRI?
Gender-based violence – particularly intimate partner violence (IPV) – is a key barrier to meeting the family planning (FP) needs of women and men worldwide. The links between IPV and family planning are documented, yet we know little of the underlying mechanisms and best practices for responding. Recognizing this gap, the Passages Project has been conducting a landscaping of existing evidence to explore these links, especially as related to social, cultural, and gender norms. The landscaping consists of a literature review, an online survey, and key informant interviews. Our goal is to consolidate the evidence on the IPV-FP relationship and to unpack promising interventions.
The satellite event was an opportunity to share initial findings from the landscaping effort, to exchange ideas, and to learn about new approaches in the field with other experts at SVRI.
What we shared: highlights from the landscaping
Intimate partner violence and family planning are linked. Three systematic reviews have examined the association of IPV with sexual health outcomes, including sexual risk taking, inconsistent condom use, unplanned pregnancy or induced abortion, sexually transmitted infections and sexual dysfunction. The evidence suggests multiple associations between IPV and FP, but the direction and causes of relationships are unclear. Overall, the literature suggests that IPV can have an impact on numerous outcomes, including FP use, reproductive coercion, and unintended pregnancy.
Social norms affect women’s autonomy and reproductive health. Few studies have documented how social norms affect the link between IPV and FP. We know that social norms – the unwritten rules of behavior shared by a group and held in place by social expectations, rewards and punishments – do in fact influence IPV and FP outcomes. For example, patriarchal ideas about male control over women influence FP use and the acceptability of IPV. Overall, norms influence women’s autonomy and control over their reproductive health, particularly when they experience IPV.
Few interventions address IPV and FP. Even fewer have been scaled up. Of the interventions identified, we included 14 approaches that varied from SBC to edutainment, economic empowerment, and service delivery. We found that multi-sectoral programs can be successful; however, few programs documented the pathways in which transforming norms relevant to both IPV and FP were clear. Lack of evidence on what works, for whom, and under what conditions is a challenge to scaling up of promising programs.
What we learned: feedback from experts in the room
During the panel presentations and interactive group work, over 40 experts shared insights about how to move IPV and FP research and practice forward. Suggestions included:
Strengthen the conceptual story. A clear conceptual pathway is needed to link IPV and FP.
Consider other life factors. Experts brought up the need to use a lifecycle approach and the ecological framework, and to consider structural barriers and the influence of other individuals on IPV and PF outcomes.
Engage men responsibly. More evidence is needed to understand how best to engage men, while also ensuring women’s autonomy and lowering potential risk of further IPV (also known as “do no harm”).
Analyze promising interventions to find key components and commonalties.
Capitalize on expert opinions and sharing clear recommendations for policies and funding.
The expert opinions solicited at SVRI will be applied to the final landscaping assessment.
More to come!
The final report will be ready in early 2018. If you’d like more information, please email at [email protected].
The October 25 & 25 meetings of the JLI included 34 board, advisory group and learning hub co-chairs. The two-day meeting objectives were to share the current state of JLI hub evidence, examine JLI’s role considering the external environment and determine JLI’s next steps. Matthew Frost, JLI Board Co-chair for the past few years stepped down at the meeting. Matthew will continue as a general board member. Thanks to Matthew for all the wisdom and gifts shared during your time leading the JLI! With a new board co-chair elected unanimously –Jonathan Duffy, President, ADRA International, JLI will be focusing on how to implement goals identified at the board meeting.
embed local and national voices into the JLI especially learning hubs
Faith leaders, aid agencies around the world join forum on localizing humanitarian response
JLI cohosted the Localizing Response to Humanitarian Need Forum with over 140 participants representing multiple local and global faith networks, faith-based organizations, aid agencies, policy makers, and government representatives have participated in a forum to strengthen partnership and networks in localizing humanitarian response. Focus on documentation of methods and mechanisms of engagement of local faith networks.
On October 20, the new JLI Anti-Human Trafficking and Modern Slavery Hub launched at the Anglican Alliance. Gathering a group of core members, the hub discussed the terms of reference and key questions the hub would address. The group focused on areas related to prevention, protection, prosecution, policy, partnerships and participation.
The purpose of this Hub is to be a horizontal learning community and global resource that links academics, policy makers and practitioners working on issues of faith, faith leaders and religious communities to combat human trafficking and modern slavery. The goals are to:
Identify and examine what we know about human trafficking, with respect to the role of faith based actors and religious and cultural values, and the reliability of this research. Work out how we can better communicate existing research.
Identify gaps in knowledge which can be addressed through further research and learning (with an emphasis on practical application afterwards).
Arrive at practical actionable recommendations in these areas (for programmes and policy) that JLI members would be encouraged to implement in their own organisations, use to potentially influence the practice of others, and which could increase effective partnerships/collaboration between members of the Hub (secular and faith based) in ending human trafficking and modern slavery.
Working effectively with faith leaders to challenge harmful traditional practices
Tearfund cordially invites you to join us for this multi-dimensional event to review and discuss the findings of the DFID funded, JLI SGBV Hub research exploring the role of faith in addressing Harmful Traditional Practices.
The event will be comprised of a presentation and discussion of key findings pertaining to:
The language of Harmful Traditional Practices
Safe Spaces for facilitating conversations regarding Harmful Traditional Practices
The interconnection between Harmful traditional Practices, Culture, Social Norms and underlying social ideologies.
The day will include space for break-out discussions to provide attendees with the opportunity to critically engage with the findings and discuss the implications and opportunities that these offer.
Please RSVP by Thursday 26th October by emailing Natalia Lester-Bush at [email protected].
Carola Eyber, Queen Margaret University, Institute for Global Health and Development, Senior Lecturer
Following the launch the JLI Ending Violence Against Children (EVAC) Learning Hub met together at the Salvation Army ISJC with academics, policy experts, and practitioners to review and analyse the knowledge base regarding the multiple roles of faith and faith actors to influence or end violence against children, in line with SDG 16.2. The Ending Violence Against Children Hub is a part of the Joint Learning Initiative on Faith & Local Communities Learning Hubs. For a meeting summary please join the hub here
Convened by the Permanent Mission of Ireland to the United Nations and the UN Interagency Task Force on Religion and Development (Chaired by UNFPA) in partnership with the Joint Learning Initiative on Faith and Local Communities.
HE Ambassador David Donoghue, Permanent Mission of Ireland to the United Nations, and Dr Azza Karam, UN Interagency Task Force on Religion and Development will be co-moderating.
Jean Duff will be representing JLI on a panel addressing faith-based partnerships to support achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The panel will also include JLI Board Member Anwar Khan, Islamic Relief USA.
Four-hundred religious leaders, members of diverse faith communities, leaders of faith-based organizations, United Nations officials, and representatives of international and grassroots organizations from around the world attended the Forum. A pre-forum brought together 64 children on 6-8 May.
The GNRC 5th Forum built on work from GNRC members from diverse faith traditions have been doing since the year 2000, working for and with children, to build a better world for children. Working locally, nationally, and globally. The 5th Forum focused specifically on the role of faith communities in addressing challenges presented by various forms of violence against children in three sub-themes:
“Protecting Children from Violent Extremism, Gang Violence and Organized Crime”
“Nurturing Spirituality and Ending Violence in Child Upbringing”
“Ending Sexual Exploitation and Abuse of Children.”
JLI announced a new Learning Hub on Ending Violence Against Children at the forum. Rebeca Rios-Kohn, Arigatou International (shown below) and Christo Greyling, World Vision International announced plans during sessions at the forum. To apply to be a member please register at evac.jliflc.com
Chaired by Rt. Rev. Julio E. Murray, Bishop of the Episcopal Church of Panama, President of the Ecumenical Committee, Chair, Interreligious Committee in Panama, Chair, GNRC 5th Forum
Remarks by Rev. Keishi Miyamoto, President, Arigatou International, Convenor, Global Network of Religions for Children (GNRC) and Rev. Mons. Sidney Fones, Chair, GNRC 5th Forum International Organizing Committee
Messages from H.E Cardinal Jean-Louis Tauran, President, Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue, Holy See; H.R.H. Prince El Hassan bin Talal, The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan; Rev. Dr. Olav Fykse Tveit, General Secretary, World Council of Churches
Opening Address from Panama’s President: Juan Carlos Varela
Co-Chaired by: Prof. Anantanand Rambachan, Professor and Chair, Religion Department, Saint Olaf College, Council Member, Prayer and Action for Children, and Rabbi Diana Gerson; Program Director, New York Board of Rabbis
Ms. Marta Santos Pais, Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Violence Against Children, United Nations, discussed state of Violence Against Children. Referenced report on
H.E. Cardinal Oscar Andres Rodriguez Maradiaga, Archbishop of Tegucigalpa, Honduras
Session Moderator: Mr. Kul Gautam, Chair, Prayer and Action for Children, Former Assistant Secretary-General of the United Nations
Introductory Remarks: Dr. Susan Bissell, Executive Director, Global Partnership and Fund to End Violence Against Children
Ms. Marita Perceval, Regional Director for Latin America and the Caribbean, United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)
Rev. Adam Russell Taylor, Lead, Faith-Based Initiative, World Bank Group
Dr. Kezevino Aram, Co-Moderator, Religions for Peace International, President,
Shanti Ashram, India, President, Interfaith Council on Ethics Education for Children
Rev. Hidehito Okochi, Chief Priest, Kenji-in Temple and Juko-in Temple, Japan, Board Member, Arigatou International
Children’s Representative (from the Children’s Pre-Forum Meeting)
Attendees then attended breakout working sessions by region (Latin America and Caribbean, Africa, Asia, Europe, Middle East)
Session Co-Chairs: Prof. Abdulghafur El Busaidy, Chairman, Supreme Council of Kenya Muslims, and Ms. Marie Dennis, Co-President, Pax Christi International
THEME 1: Protecting Children from Violent Extremism, Gang Violence and Organized Crime: The Role of Faith Communities
Keynote Address by Fr. Juan Luis Carbajal Tejeda, Executive Secretary, Pastoral de Movilidad Humana, Episcopal Conference of Guatemala, followed by a children’s representative’s remarks
THEME 2: Nurturing Spirituality and Ending Violence in Child Upbringing: The Role of Faith Communities
Keynote Address by H.G. Dr. Barry C. Morgan, former Archbishop of Wales
THEME 3: Ending Sexual Exploitation and Abuse of Children: The Role of Faith Communities
Keynote Address by Dr. Alaa Murabit, UN High-level Commissioner on Health, Employment and Economic Growth, followed by a children’s representative’s remarks
Parallel Sessions by Theme
Protecting Children from Violent Extremism, Gang Violence and Organized Crime: The Role of Faith Communities
Moderators: Dr. Esmeralda Arosemena de Troitiño, Commissioner of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, and Imam Dr. Rashied Omar, Research Scholar of Islamic Studies and Peace Building, University of Notre Dame, Coordinating Imam, Claremont Main Road Mosque, Cape Town, South Africa
PANELISTS: Mr. Antti Pentikäinen, Executive Director, Network for Religious and Traditional Peacemakers (NRTP), Dr. Amr Abdalla, Senior Advisor on the Reform of Education in Muslim Societies Project, International Institute of Islamic Thought (IIIT), Washington, D.C. Dr. William Vendley, Secretary General, Religions for Peace International Dr. Mohamed Elsanousi, Director, Network of Religious and Traditional Peacemakers (NRTP) Children’s Representative (from the Children’s Pre-Forum Meeting) Ms. Janet Arach, GNRC Member, Uganda, Youth Representative
Nurturing Spirituality and Ending Violence in Child Upbringing: The Role of Faith Communities
Moderators: Dr. Nelson Arns Neumann, Coordinator, Pastoral da Criança, and Rev. Dr. Nicta Lubaale, General Secretary, Organization of African Instituted Churches (OAIC)
PANELISTS: Ms. Georgina de Villalta, Global Movement for Children in Latin America and the Caribbean Prof. Harold Segura, Regional Director of Church Relations and Christian Identity for Latin America and the Caribbean, World Vision International Ms. Rosalina Tuyuc Velásquez, President of CONAVIGUA, Member, Continental Network of Indigenous Women of Americas, Guatemala Children’s Representative (from the Children’s Pre-Forum Meeting) Mrs. Sheran Harper, Worldwide Trustee, Mothers Union, Trainer, Worldwide Parenting Programme
Ending Sexual Exploitation and Abuse of Children: The Role of Faith Communities
Moderators: Ms. Silvia Mazzarelli, Regional Head of Policy and Programming, Plan International, and Ms. Bani Dugal, Representative to the United Nations, Baha’i International Community, United States
PANELISTS: Ms. Dorothy Rozga, Executive Director, ECPAT International Sr. Denisse Pichardo, O.P, Dominican Order of the Altagracia Children’s Representative (from the Children’s Pre-Forum Meeting) Ms. Corina Villacorta, Regional Director, Plan International Americas Mr. Christo Greyling, Senior Director, Faith – Advocacy and External Engagement, World Vision International
ALL FOR CHILDREN: Working with Faith Communities and Partners to End Violence Against Children through Arigatou International’s Initiatives
Global Network of Religions for Children (GNRC): Dr. Mustafa Y. Ali, Secretary General, GNRC, Director, Arigatou International – Nairobi, and Dr. Dorcas Kiplagat, GNRC Network and Programs Coordinator Ethics Education for Children: Ms. Maria Lucia Uribe, Secretary General, Ethics Education for Children, Director, Arigatou International – Geneva Prayer and Action for Children: Ms. Rebeca Rios-Kohn, Director, Prayer and Action for Children, Director, Arigatou International – New York Interfaith Initiative to End Child Poverty (End Child Poverty): Rev. Fredrick O. Nyabera, Director, End Child Poverty, Arigatou International – Nairobi
Parallel Sessions by Theme
“The Nexus Between Child Poverty and Violence Against Children”
Facilitators: Rev. Adam Russell Taylor, Lead, Faith-Based Initiative, World Bank Group, and Rev. Fredrick O. Nyabera, Director, End Child Poverty, Arigatou International – Nairobi
“The Role of Ethics Education in Strengthening Families and Nurturing Spirituality in Children”
Facilitators: Dr. Kezevino Aram, Co-Moderator, Religions for Peace International, President, Shanti Ashram, India, President, Interfaith Council on Ethics Education for Children, and Ms. Maria Lucia Uribe, Secretary General, Ethics Education for Children, Director, Arigatou International – Geneva
“Combatting Online Child Sexual Exploitation and Abuse of Children”
Facilitators: Rabbi Diana Gerson, Program Director, New York Board of Rabbis, and Ms. Rebeca Rios-Kohn, Director, Prayer and Action for Children, Director, Arigatou International – New York
The Sixth Plenary included reading the consensus statement of GNRC Network, commitment from GNRC to see the statement through and a call to action for others to join.
Seventh Plenary: Closing Ceremony
Session Co-Chairs: H. L. Bishop Dr. Method Kilaini, Bishop of Bukoba Diocese, Bukoba, Tanzania, and Ms. Rosalina Tuyuc Velásquez, President of CONAVIGUA, Member, Continental Network of Indigenous Women of Americas, Guatemala
Sheikh Mohamed Sohaib Al-Chami, the Grand Imam of Aleppo, Syria
Dr. Agnes Abuom, Moderator, Central Committee, World Council of Churches
Dr. Alaa Murabit, UN High-level Commissioner on Health, Employment and Economic Growth
Reading of GNRC 5th Forum Declaration, Rev. Mons. Sidney Fones
H.G. Archbishop Felix Machado, Archbishop of Vasai, India
The conference ended with an interfaith prayer celebrating all the faith traditions in attendance.
The JLI Ending Violence Against Children Learning Hub was announced at the Global Network of Religions for Children 5th Forum -Ending Violence Against Children: Faith Communities in Action in Panama.
The intention of this Hub is to be a horizontal learning community that links academics, policy makers and practitioners working on issues of faith, faith leaders and religious community contribution to ending violence against children. Framing questions will be refined further through evidence Scoping and policy dialogue in the first phase of the Hub.
The convening co-chairs of the JLI Learning Hub on Ending Violence Against Children (EVAC Hub)are:
Robyn Hagan, World Vision International, Global Advisor – Faith Partnerships for Child Protection