The first Inter-agency Consultation on FBO Engagement took place at UNFPA headquarters on Wednesday, 9 July 2008. The meeting comprised representatives from various United Nations agencies that have some experience and insight regarding programmatic engagement with faith-based organizations (FBOs). For the purposes of the consultation, and in line with the perception and work of a number of United Nations entities, the following understanding of FBOs was used: FBOs are religious and religion-based groups or congregations, specialized religious institutions, and registered or unregistered non-profit institutions that have a faith-based character or mission. Spiritual organizations are considered FBOs as well. This report also discusses engagement with religious leaders (RLs) and indigenous peoples.